Ionic vs React Native: The Ultimate Performance Comparison

Ionic and React Native are both frameworks that are used to develop Native and cross platform applications. Both of these frameworks are quite popular and used by developers. Let us understand their workings and compare their performances. React Native and Ionic both have their own set of strengths and weaknesses, and the best one for your project may depend on the specific requirements and goals of your app. It is important to choose the right framework when availing custom mobile app development services, to ensure that the final product is of high quality and meets the project requirements.

Table Of Contents

Now, let us understand their workings and compare their performances.

What is Ionic?

ionic mobile language

Ionic is an open-source user interface (UI) framework for producing PWAs (Progressive Web Apps) and mobile apps with web technologies such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. The Ionic framework enables the development of high-quality cross platform applications. Drifty Co founded it in 2013 and implemented it on top of Apache Cordova (previously PhoneGap) and Angular.js. It also provides mobile-optimized web technology elements and native APIs built using Ionic Native and Capacitor. 

Nevertheless, in 2019, Ionic was released with support for several front-ends, including React.js. The primary goal of “write once, use everywhere” requires developers to produce a single program for several platforms and devices. This implies that developers can quickly create desktop apps, hybrid mobile apps and PWAs. Ionic performance thus allows app development for developers to create a hybrid mobile app with React.js, Angular, Vue.js, or simply plain JavaScript.

What is React Native?

react native mobile language

There are significant differences in the success of Ionic vs React Native. The Ionic framework was built as a startup. However React Native was launched in 2015 by one of the largest and most well-known businesses, Facebook. React Native is a cross-platform development platform (also known as a hybrid framework) that allows developers to use React code to develop native apps. It executes in the background of the user’s device and interfaces with the computer’s native components through the bridging.

Developers may use JavaScript to create Android and iOS mobile apps with React Native application programming. It makes cross platform app development easier by providing platform-independent native elements that translate to the native UI building elements of the platforms. An example of a React native application is the Facebook app’s marketplace. Developers can also use React Native to develop TV apps for Apple TV and Android TV.  The fundamental purpose of React Native is to have the code run natively on iOS and Android devices making it a cross platform framework. The majority of react native performance features achieved 95-100% shared code, with just 0.2% of modules being platform dependent.

Note: If you are currently looking for an expert react native app development company, you can reach out to Trango Tech to assist you in application development. 

What are some similarities between Ionic vs React Native?

React native vs ionic are both able to generate actual native app projects and binaries. Ionic framework for React and react native applications have complete native accessibility and functionalities. This is a source of misunderstanding since many people mistakenly assume that web-based mobile applications are not native applications. A web-based mobile app developed with Ionic framework will perform additional work in native WebView control, but it will eventually be part of a native application UI hierarchy. It will also be able to run native app code, access all native APIs, and utilize any native control (but indirectly in the WebView). Also both are cross platform frameworks.

Furthermore, many users believe that React Native applications are “reduced down to a native app,” which is not the case. Ionic React (through Cordova or via Capacitor) and React Native both execute JavaScript at runtime rather than being pre-compiled. Ionic React, on the other hand, has access to powerful Just In Time compilation for JavaScript for most of its Web Views which makes ionic performance better. On the other hand, React Native does not have JIT as JavaScriptCore does not support JIT, unlike WebView. This means JavaScript is first converted to machine code at execution for native performance in Ionic React apps.

Ionic framework makes use of Capacitor, an Ionic project that allows developers to invoke native code straight from JavaScript, making it simple to expose new native app capabilities or show Native UI. Capacitor’s first-class Swift support makes implementing native app functionality considerably easier than in the past, particularly easier than React Native’s Objective-C focused layer. Both, however, make it simple to enhance an application’s core capabilities, and programmers should have no difficulties with either way also decreasing development time. Therefore, Ionic React and React Native provide roughly equivalent compatibility for executing native code and accessing Native APIs, but in different manners.

What is the difference between Ionic performance and React Native performance for native apps?

App Space Consumption Perspective

React Native

In the instance of the Expense Manager app, the app size of React Native is around 8.5 MB. This app size excludes utilizing Proguard to reduce build size.

Ionic

In the instance of the Expense Manager app, the Ionic app size is roughly 3.2 MB for the Ionic build.

Takeaway: In comparison to React Native, Ionic can help you design smaller applications which may have a storage limitation.

Testing Perspective

React Native

In a React Native app, you may carry out any type of testing, spanning from unit testing to automated testing, using a variety of frameworks such as using:

• Mocha for integration testing.

• XC Test for test automation of iOS mobile apps. 

• EarlGrey for iOS UI automation.

• Jest, Jasmine and ReactTestUtils for unit testing.

Ionic

Ionic framework’s end-to-end testing setup is comparable to that of Angular CLI. As a consequence, Karma may be used to test components after the app development phase. Jasmine and Protractor can also be used for end-to-end testing and unit testing.

Takeaway: React Native and Ionic are both to be preferable from a testing perspective. React Native testing encompasses both unit and automated testing, whereas Ionic testing includes both component and end-to-end testing.

User Interface Perspective

React Native

Native apps are quite similar to React Native components paired with native app UI controllers. It also makes use of the ReactJS package, which has a huge number of UI components and thus it simplifies UI creation in app development.

Ionic

Everything in the Ionic framework UI is rendered via CSS and HTML. It also makes no use of any native components. Cordova is then used to deliver a native mobile experience. Because of the Angular components included with the framework, Ionic apps can appear to be like a native app.

Takeaway: When compared to Ionic, React Native dominates the user interface category.

Learning Curve Perspective

React Native

If you are a React developer, the learning curve for a React Native app is pretty simple. The idea is quite similar to how you would code in React. The main distinction is that React uses web components like <p> and <div>, whereas React Native uses wrappers for native iOS and Android components like <View>.

So the point is, what about newcomers who are unfamiliar with React? You must be familiar with React and JavaScript if you want to study React Native. You must function like a mobile developer since you will be developing mobile apps rather than web apps. In a nutshell, the learning curve of React Native may be regarded as severe for those unfamiliar with React technology.

Ionic

The Ionic technology stack is very adaptable and flexible.  HTML, CSS and JavaScript may be used in conjunction with your chosen web framework such as Vue, Angular, Knockout, React, or any other modern web framework. This means that developers that use the Ionic framework will use a framework that they are already familiar with to create mobile apps. As a result, the learning curve is not as steep as with React Native.

With Ionic, you’re effectively designing web apps that can be transformed to mobile apps. In comparison to React Native’s native method, this hybrid approach is distinct. This is easier for engineers to understand.

Takeaway: Ionic framework is much simpler to learn as compared to React Native.

Development Time Perspective

React Native

A React Native app development takes about 1.5 months to develop and launch.

Ionic

The app development time in Ionic takes around a month.

Takeaway: If you have a time constraint, it is best to opt for Ionic as mobile app development is faster in Ionic.

Over-the-air Programming Updates Perspective

React Native

The Microsoft CodePush library in React Native assists developers with app deployment and over-the-air (OTA) upgrades. Furthermore, OTA updates for React Native are executed on the device of the end user.

Ionic

In Ionic, developers may go back between the old and new versions. Ionic Display also makes it much easy to upgrade the app. Furthermore, the Ionic Display enables you to update the app on demand if modifications are needed.

Takeaway: OTA updates are much easier with Ionic.

Technology Stack

React Native

When it comes to the technology stack, the React Native and Ionic frameworks use distinct methods. React Native, which is written in JavaScript, is built on the popular framework React. Its user interface components are developed in JSX rather than HTML.

JSX may appear to be any other template language, yet it possesses all of JavaScript’s features. Facebook created both frameworks as open-source. As a result, it’s only logical that they used React to create React Native.

Ionic

For Ionic mobile app development, you may utilize Angular, React, or even Vue. Ionics’s tech stack is far more adaptable than React Native’s. It creates apps with JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS and needs the Cordova wrapper to use native platform APIs. TypeScript may also be used to improve the quality of the code of an app. 

With the latest release of Ionic 4, you can now use it with any framework for web development. Furthermore, Ionic leverages a minimal code base that is based on Angular for quicker and smoother application development. As a result, developers with Angular experience find Ionic easier to understand and utilize.

Community and Plugin Perspective

React Native

React Native, as we all know, is built on React. As a result, the framework is heavily supported by a huge community in terms of knowledge, answers and updates. Furthermore, React Native is utilized and supported by both Facebook and Instagram, making it more popular among developers. It also includes a variety of plugins for using PhoneGap or Cordova, which allows you to access sophisticated plugins from other communities.

Ionic

Ionic, as we all know, has been steadily expanding and gaining popularity for quite some time. As a result, you might be able to locate the plugins for native features you’re seeking for in the community. Furthermore, the community offers a marketplace where members may sell and buy plugins.

Takeaway: Since React Native is backed by Facebook, it has a much larger community and more plugins.

Ionic Performance Comparison with React Native Performance

React Native

When talking about native app performance, react native performance is closer than ionic performance. As a result, developers choose React Native because of its native feel. It is used to create native JavaScript applications. It uses the same building components and looks the same as native apps.

The main difference is that React Native is cross-platform and uses JavaScript to cover these native building components. You can improve the speed and responsiveness of mobile apps by using React Native. However, a large budget is required.

Ionic

When it comes to Ionic, it’s a hybrid approach that’s great for quick app development. It does not meet the requirements of native apps. As a result, you may have performance difficulties. The native code has a large number of callbacks, which may cause delay. If you want to leverage native functionality, you’ll also need the Cordova plugin. Although Ionic is an excellent tool for generating attractive user interfaces and speeding development, it has severe performance issues when compared to React Native.

Takeaway: When we perform a performance comparison between ionic performance and react native performance, react native performance comes on the top.

Third-party Integration Perspective

React Native

React Native has a multitude of libraries. There are numerous third-party plugins available; nevertheless, integrating various third-party plugins with React Native is difficult.

Ionic

Because the Ionic framework has a vast library, programmers can locate plugins such as Ionic, Apache/Cordova, and others easily. Furthermore, as compared to React Native, Ionic makes it much easier to design custom modules. As a consequence, Ionic clearly outperforms React Native, and it is currently the most popular alternative.

Takeaway: Third-party integration with Ionic is simpler than react native.

Debugging Perspective

React Native

Code debugging can be the key element in determining the authenticity of any cross-platform framework. Because React Native code is written in JavaScript, it is easy to debug applications using Consol.log, Chrome developer tools, or the React Native debugger app. Furthermore, if the program has a lot of native code, debugging may be accomplished using any editor, such as Visual Studio for Android apps or XCode for iOS apps.

Ionic

Ionic includes a unique collection of tools, such as Chrome developer tools, to help developers with debugging. The plot, however, has a twist. Debugging can be more difficult for applications that use ngCordova’s hardware capabilities.

Takeaway: React Native and Ionic both are equally effective for debugging with Chrome developer tools

CI/CD Perspective

React Native

Travis CI Birtrise, CircleCI, Jenkins CI, and are used by React Native for Continuous Deployment (CD) and Continuous Integration (CI).

Ionic

For Continuous Deployment (CD) and Continuous Integration (CI), Ionic uses Adobe Phonegap Build, Jenkins CI, Travis CI, Codeship, CircleCI, and Semaphore CI (CD).

Takeaway: Both ionic and react native are equally good for CI/CD.

Enterprise Integration Perspective

React Native

React Native has become a “popular favorite” since it is used by numerous large firms such as Airbnb, Facebook, and Wix. It is unclear, however, if the React Native is formally approved for corporate use.

Ionic

Ionic provides excellent support for the development of PWAs and hybrid/native apps. As a result, it has become the most desirable and advantageous framework for companies.

Takeaway: Ionic has much better compatibility with enterprise applications when compared to react native.

Summary

Let us compare the ionic framework vs react native framework for making a cross platform app.

Perspective React Native Ionic
Testing Allows unit, integration, system and automated testing. Allows unit, integration, system and automated testing.
Performance Improve speed and responsiveness but need a large budget. Hybrid performance but faces severe latency issues.
UI It also makes use of the ReactJS package, which has a huge number of UI components UI is rendered via CSS and HTML. Cordova is then used to deliver a native mobile experience.
Space consumption The app size of React Native is around 8.5 MB The Ionic app size is roughly 3.2 MB for the Ionic build
Development time A React Native app development takes about 1.5 months. The app development time in Ionic takes around a month.
Learning curve You must be familiar with React and JavaScript if you want to study React Native May be used in conjunction with your chosen web framework such as Vue, Angular, Knockout, React.
Technology stack React, JSX Angular
OTA upgrades Microsoft CodePush library assists in OTA upgrades. Ionic Display enables you to update the app on demand.
Third-party integration It has numerous libraries but integration with the app is difficult. Programmers can locate plugins such as Ionic, Apache/Cordova, and others easily.Ionic makes it much easier to design custom modules.
Community and plugin It also includes a variety of plugins for using PhoneGap or Cordova with a large community. The community offers a marketplace where members may sell and buy plugins
CI/CD Travis CI, Birtrise, CircleCI, Jenkins CI Adobe Phonegap Build, Jenkins CI, Travis CI, Codeship, CircleCI, and Semaphore CI
Enterprise usage Used by Wix, Facebook, Airbnb Bobcat, Southwest Airline, NHS
Debugging Support chrome developer tools Supports chrome developer tools and ngCordova

Note: If you are looking to hire custom mobile app development services you can hire Trango Tech to develop your custom mobile app with the most affordable packages.

Direct Head-to-Head Comparisons with General Questions

Let us make a clear head to head comparison with the most frequently asked questions.

Which is easier to learn?

Ionic is simple to learn since it allows you to work with your choice framework – Vue, Angular, React, and others.

Which is faster?

Ionic cannot create Native apps since it is always attempting hybrid mobile app development. React outperforms Ionic because it requires certain plugins to utilize native functionalities. React Native surpasses Ionic in terms of performance. Ionic faces latency issues, so it takes longer to load Native features.

Which costs more for development?

Although React Native is free, hiring a competent React Native programmer may cost a significant amount of money. In contrast, depending on the functionality, you may choose between an open-source and a premium edition of Ionic. Ionic has three price plans: Basic ($499/month), Standard ($2499/month), and Enterprise ($4999/month) (custom pricing). Finally, both Ionic and React Native demand a significant investment to create a world-class app. However, when it comes to a framework that can help you design an app that is as near to a native experience as possible, React Native is a clear victor.

Which has better native applications?

React Native has better native apps since it can utilize native application functions. Ionic must convert into native applications which produce latency issues. 

Which is more power intensive?

The Ionic application uses far less CPU power than the React Native version. The React Native application will take approximately 200% of the CPU at its peak, while Ionic will barely be using up to 10%. This is because Ionic hybrid apps have accessibility to the quicker JS engine within WKWebView than hybrid apps made with JavaScriptCore, like the ones built with React Native. Both of these programs appear to be functioning nicely on the surface, but beneath the hood, your machine is working considerably harder to execute your React Native app.

Which application developer makes more money?

According to ZipRecruiter, the average Ionic developer pay is $124,960. The average React Native developer pay is $129,059, which is pretty comparable.

Questions React Native Ioinic
Which is easier to learn?  
Which is faster in execution?  
Which costs more in development?  
Which is more power intensive?  
Which developer earns more?  
Which has better native apps?  

What are some alternatives to React Native vs Ionic?

Assume you want to create a progressive web application but do not want to utilize Ionic. Several common choices include:

  • React. React Native is just React’s native software developing branch. Using a powerful JavaScript library, developers can utilize React to create progressive and standard web apps.
  • Cordova. Cordova, is an Apache framework. It is used to develop web apps and PWAs using CSS, HTML, and JavaScript. Cordova is quite comparable to Ionic, and it even has a larger community.
  • Flutter. Google’s response to cross-platform web application development is Flutter. Flutter is a programming language that leverages Dart to generate, lightweight, dynamic web apps that can be used on mobile devices.

Read more: Top Reasons To Select Flutter For Mobile Application Development

If you want to develop a native mobile app, additionally there are a few high-profile React Native alternatives:

  • Xamarin. Microsoft’s Xamarin cross-platform mobile app development solution leverages the.NET framework and C# to create native apps for iOS, Windows and Android.
  • SwiftUI. There is no better solution for iOS programming than going straight to the source. SwiftUI is a UI kit assembled on the specialized Swift language, both of which are designed for native iOS mobile app development.
  • NativeScript. NativeScript, like React Native, leverages JavaScript for cross-platform development on Windows, iOS, and Android. Although React Native is far more popular, many experts believe that NativeScript provides them with more freedom and control.

mobile app development on laptop

When to opt for Ionic framework for app development?

The ionic framework has its own pros and cons. Let us get an idea of when to use ionic for app development.

  • If you are a startup with a novel idea for an app,
  • If you only have a limited amount of time to develop an app
  • The developers desire the freedom to choose their own programming language.
  • If the CPU power usage is constrained.

When to opt for React Native for mobile app development?

The React native framework has its own pros and cons. Let us get an idea of when to use react native for app development.

  • If you possess a sizeable budget and no immediate time constraints for results.
  • If you are a specialist in the React Native framework.
  • If your product is dependent on a native platform.
  • If the app must be really fast.
  • If your current app or website is created using React Native.

Note: If you are making professional enterprise applications and are a beginner yourself, it is much better to consult expert software companies, such as Trango Tech,  to either develop or help you in making these native applications.

Is it possible to use React Native alongside Ionic?

Yes, developers can utilize React Native in conjunction with Ionic. It’s known as Ionic React. It is Ionic’s official native React version. If developers want to create a quickly-performing application and some React functionality, Ionic React may be the right option for you.

Final Words

React Native is a fantastic framework for creating absolutely amazing applications. However, the “myth” that React Native provides greater performance is just that: a fallacy. The examples should suffice to demonstrate this. Ionic apps are as quick and have the same appearance and feel as native applications.  Thus, it is best not to use “performance” as a reason to select one solution over another. Both alternatives will result in a high-performance app with a genuinely native appearance and feel. Choose the one that works best for you and is easier or more convenient to use. If you’re creating a mission-critical app to serve your business, think about factors like access to expert support and enterprise readiness, which only Ionic offers. Also both are cross platform framework which mean they produce multiple views from a single source code.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    1. What is Ionic and what is React Native?

    Ionic React offers web-first applications, which means it uses cross-platform, standards-based web technologies to build native iOS and Android UI patterns rather than directly accessing platform UI components. React Native, on the other hand, provides an abstraction through React that directly controls platform UI controls. The technique taken by React Native has various advantages. Because React Native uses primarily conventional Android and iOS controls behind the surface, speed may be improved in some circumstances.

    1. Can Ionic and React Native be used for the same types of apps?

    “One code base, any platform,” is what Ionic is based on. As a result, it offers the advantage of reusability for the program code for other applications. Developers may create a highly engaging software in a short period of time. React Native follows the “learn once, write anywhere” approach. This implies that a same code base may be used to create various programs for platforms like Android, iOS, and Windows. In terms of code reusability, both Ionic and React Native perform admirably for native apps. Also both are cross platform framework which mean they produce multiple views from a single source code.

    1. What are the main differences between Ionic and React Native?

    One of the main differences between React Native and Ionic is that React Native can directly be based upon native apps but ionic needs to be converted into native applications since it is a web-first framework. Another difference is that Ionic offers a list of programming languages to be used whereas React Native requires that you are aware of React as it offers no alternates.

    1. Which is better for building mobile apps: Ionic or React Native?

    Both Ionic React and React Native are excellent options for developing mobile apps. React Native will be a better option for organizations which are targeting iOS and Android alone. This elaborates why React Native is so popular among consumer app businesses with a background in native app development. Ionic React is a better option for teams with conventional website development skills and frameworks that want to target mobile and web (as a Progressive Web App). This explains why Ionic has proven so successful with startups and business teams with a background in website development.

    1. Can Ionic and React Native be used together in the same project?

    Ionic React is the native React edition of Ionic Framework, the free and open source SDK that powers millions of project apps worldwide. With React, you have everything you need to create prized apps for any platform.

    1. How easy is it to learn and use Ionic and React Native?

    If you have previous expertise with website programming, you will find it easier to understand Ionic because you will be working with conventional web technologies. Furthermore, if you are familiar with Javascript and the web-based React framework, understanding React Native will be an easy language. 

    1. Are there any major drawbacks to using Ionic or React Native?

    Both ionic and react native have drawbacks. The developer must know what the requirements are to choose from these options. Ionic has drawbacks such as it cannot directly be converted into a native app. React Native apps have cons such as requiring expertise, high development costs and increased development time. 

    1. How does the performance of Ionic compare to React Native?

    Ionic is more adaptable than React Native since it builds Ionic applications with Angularjs and Vue. It also helps developers to create high-quality cross-platform apps using HTML, CSS, and Javascript. React Native is distinct because it is developed in React, which is written in plain JavaScript and XML markup.

     

     

    Social Networks

    1,365FansLike
    5,648FollowersFollow
    56SubscribersSubscribe

    Related Articles

    LEAVE A REPLY

    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here